Masonic collar jewels
n many cultures, jewellery is used as a temporary body modifier; in some cases, with hooks or other objects being placed into the recipient’s skin. Although this procedure is often carried out by tribal or semi-tribal groups, often acting under a trance during religious ceremonies, this practice has seeped into western culture. Many extreme-jewellery shops now cater to people wanting large hooks or spikes set into their skin. Most often, these hooks are used in conjunction with pulleys to hoist the recipient into the air. This practice is said to give an erotic feeling to the person and some couples have even performed their marriage ceremony whilst being suspended by hooks.
According to a 2007 KPMG study, the largest jewellery market is the United States with a market share of 30.8%, Japan, India, China, and the Middle East each with 8–9%, and Italy with 5%. The authors of the study predict a dramatic change in market shares by 2015, where the market share of the United States will have dropped to around 25%, and China and India will increase theirs to over 13%. The Middle East will remain more or less constant at 9%, whereas Europe’s and Japan’s marketshare will be halved and become less than 4% for Japan, and less than 3% for the biggest individual European countries, Italy and the UK.
White marble has been prized for its use in sculptures considering that classical instances. This preference has to do with its softness, which made it less complicated to carve, relative isotropy and homogeneity, and a relative resistance to shattering. Also, the low index of refraction of calcite permits light to penetrate numerous millimeters into the stone before being scattered out, resulting inside the function waxy appearance which offers “existence” to marble sculptures of any kind, that is why many sculptors desired and nonetheless opt for marble for sculpting.